Older adults sometimes experience communication predicaments related to negative expectations, patronizing talk, and limited opportunities for satisfying communication. Selective assertiveness in speaking and in writing can overcome some of these difficulties.  Specific communication skills can enable service providers, health professionals, community members and family to foster personhood in older adults through communication.




Ryan & Schindel Martin 2011, Narrative Arts

**Ryan 2010, Communication Predicaments

Ryan, Bannister, Anas 2009, Writing to Reclaim Identity in Dementia

Ryan, Anas, Mays 2008, Assertiveness


Gerontological Society of America
Canadian Association on Gerontology
Aging and Society
Generations Together
Generations United
Centre for Intergenerational Practice